The US Food and Drug Administration currently bans the presence of 379 common equine drugs in animals slaughtered for human consumption. However, there is no procedure in place to ensure that American horses, sold to slaughterhouses and killed for human consumption, are free of these FDA-banned substances.
Any member of a household can become a victim of domestic violence: spouses or partners, children, elderly relatives, even companion animals. In fact, fear of what might happen to their pets keeps many human victims from leaving. The PAWS Act will help bridge the gap between the tremendous need for services for domestic violence survivors with pets and the ability of agencies to meet those needs.
The Refuge from Cruel Trapping Act would prohibit the use of body-gripping traps within the National Wildlife Refuge System (NWRS). Body-gripping traps—such as strangling snares, Conibear traps, and steel-jaw leghold traps—are inhumane and inherently nonselective. These archaic traps indiscriminately injure and kill countless nontarget animals, including raptors, rabbits, endangered and threatened species, and household pets.
The ORCA Act is landmark legislation that would phase out the captivity of orcas so that their display ends with this generation. Specifically, it would prohibit the breeding, the taking (wild capture), and the import or export of orcas for the purposes of public display. This legislation would also allow for the orderly phasing out of the display of this species, giving orca-holding facilities time to transition to a new business model.
The Wounded Warrior Service Dog Act is an effort to respond to the growing demand for service dogs by veterans and members of the military. This demand comes amidst mounting evidence of the tremendous benefits—including increased mobility and independence, improved social interactions, less panic, and greatly reduced stress—experienced by wounded warriors who have partnered with these dogs.
The Pet Safety and Protection Act was crafted to halt the notorious trade in random source dogs and cats by Class B dealers. The other supply chains would be virtually unaffected. Dogs and cats could be supplied by Class A dealers (breeders); established breeding colonies; those municipal pounds who opt to sell animals directly to laboratories (except for stray animals); and individuals (these animals could be donated, but not sold, thereby removing the financial incentive driving the current fraudulent behavior).
Given the myriad and unsustainable threats that sharks face, we must take action to ensure these animals will remain an integral part of the Earth’s oceans. Eliminating the shark fin trade removes one of the biggest impediments to their continued survival.
Nonhuman primates (including apes, monkeys, lemurs, and lorises) are highly intelligent and typically highly social wild animals whose needs are not compatible with the realities of a captive life as pets. Cute and helpless as infants, even the smallest primates soon become powerful and potentially aggressive, posing a threat to the people around them. It is time to put an end to this inhumane and inappropriate trade. The Captive Primate Safety Act would amend the Lacey Act Amendments of 1981 to prohibit any interstate or foreign commerce involving nonhuman primates for the exotic pet trade, including sale, transportation, and acquisition.
In January 2015, The New York Times released a shocking front-page exposé detailing horrific examples of animal abuse at the US Meat Animal Research Center (MARC) in Clay Center, Nebraska. MARC is a government laboratory within the US Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Agricultural Research Service. Cruel and callous experiments involving pigs, sheep, and cattle have been routinely conducted under the guise of research to improve profits for industrial agriculture.
Cosmetics testing on animals is inhumane, untrustworthy, not cost effective, and at odds with the laws and regulations of many countries throughout the world. The Humane Cosmetics Act would phase out animal-based testing for cosmetic products in the United States in favor of cutting-edge testing methods, and eventually prohibit the sale in the United States of cosmetics tested on animals in other countries, making sure that only safe and humane products enter the American market.
Ends the failed industry self-policing system. USDA would train, license, and assign inspectors to horse shows instead of having HIOs choose who conducts inspections. Shows would still have the option of hiring inspectors or declining to do so; show management who opt out would (as in current law) risk greater liability if soring is uncovered at their show.
The federal law prohibiting the creation and distribution of “crush videos” does not cover the underlying acts of animal abuse, which can occur beyond the reach of state cruelty laws. The PACT Act closes that loophole by extending federal jurisdiction to these specific, particularly heinous crimes. The PACT Act is consistent with other federal laws that address acts of malicious animal cruelty that have an interstate nexus. Under legislation currently before the U.S. Congress, federal jurisdiction will extend to certain heinous and unspeakable acts of animal abuse.
To protect animal and human health by combating the excessive use of antibiotics in agriculture, the Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act (PAMTA) would prohibit the non-therapeutic feeding of medically-important antibiotics to livestock.