Protection of Horses
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) promulgated an Interim Final Rule regarding a horse slaughter inspection system. Specifically, the USDA had created a "fee for service" inspection system designed to facilitate the continued transport of tens of thousands of American horses for human consumption abroad. The Animal Welfare Institute and its co-plaintiffs challenged the rule on the grounds that it violated requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). The district court granted summary judgment in favor of the Animal Welfare Institute and its co-plaintiffs. An appeal was filed by Cavel International but the appeal was later dismissed as moot when the company went out of business due to the passage of legislation in Illinois banning horse slaughter.
Plaintiffs prevailed and appeal by defendants was dismissed as moot.